State museum-reserve of Alexander Pushkin Mikhailovskoye


TRIGORSKOYE


In Pushkins day the estate of Trigorskoye, so-called because it stands on three hills (tri gory in Russian), only three kilometers from Mikhailovskoye, belonged to Praskovia Alexandrovna Osipova. Pushkin met her during his first visit to Mikhailovskoye and she became a close friend and on occasions acted as his proxy. He often went to Trigorskoye, particularly at the beginning of his exile when he quarreled with his father. Praskovia Osipovas daughters were all in love with the poet and treasured his friendship.

Her son Alexei became a close friend of the poet and his companion in merrymaking, amorous escapades and carousing. They also used to discuss politics, history and literary together. Some take view that many of the characters in Eugene Onegin are literally copies of Pushkins neighbors at Trigorskoye. Here he found the atmosphere of benevolence, friendly freedom, youth and mutual attraction which was so lacking at Mikhailovskoye. The Trigorskoye Estate is traditionally known as the Larin house. Thematically it is connected with Pushkins dear friends, youthful escapades, flirting, merrymaking and talent.

To roam around Trigorskoye
Its meadow, stream and hill,
And garden under the homely limes.




Osipov-Vulf house-museum


MAIN HOUSE (OSIPOV-VULF HOUSE-MUSEUM)

PANTRY. The small room contains material on the history of the estate, the restoration work of 1962, documents from the household archives, and 20th-century photographs. The painting of The Larin House by V.Meshkov (1916) is a reminder of the private Pushkin museum which the Osipovs and Vulfs kept.

DINING ROOM. The dining room was where the inmates of Trigorskoye liked to gather. Pushkin was often to be seen here too. The two small vases and trays in the pantry and on the dining room table are memorabilia. On the table is a cooler from Yevpraxia Vulfs family. The samovar and carved oak table are from Trigorskoye. The literary section contains poems, drawings and letters from Pushkin, in which the names and pictures of the Trigorskoye inmates are often mentioned.

ALEXEI VULFS STUDY. Pushkin first met Alexei Vulf, Praskovia Osipovas eldest son, in 1824. Later they were bound by common interests and amusements. The study recreates the way of life of a student at that time. Later Alexei recognized himself in Lensky. As he put it, Onegins life in the country is all taken from Pushkins stay here, in Pskov province. Alexei Vulfs study contains his original card table and armchair. On the walls are portraits of a relative (G.K. Borzov), his favourite poets, Schiller and Byron, and his friends Alexander Pushkin and Nikolay Yazykov. There is also an old firearm, like the one Pushkin and he (according to Vulf) took to shoot at the star fixed over the gate. The old chess table is a reminder both of Onegins lines and frequent meeting and disputes

YEVPRAXIAS (ZIZIS) ROOM. This room recalls the literary figure of the provincial young lady brought up on books. The name Zizi (which family used to call the young Yevpraxia Vulf) appears on the pages of Eugene Onegin. In Zizis company there was often laughter, and Pushkin admired her youth and changing moods. The lines of the poems If life should deceive you and My advice to you, Zina, is play are addressed to Yevpraxia. In upper section of the cabinet you can see Pushkins present to Zizi, such as the decorated box and ladle for rum punch and an ink stand. Here too is a plaster cast of her hand.Below are objects typical of a young lady of that day, including an album which reminds one of Onegins lines:

You have, of course seen many a time
A rustic young ladys album

There is also a large portrait of Yevpraxia (first third of the 19th century), everyday objects, portraits of relatives, a woodcut on the subject of Pushkins poem The Talisman, a nightingale-organ toy and an embroidery frame.

DRAWING ROOM. A place for meeting guests and relaxing, which recalls many a musical evening and the poets meeting with Anna Kern. It was here that the young inmates of Trigorskoye liked to exchange albums and write inscriptions in them. On the mantelpiece is the original clock from Pushkins day. There are paintings by West European masters on the walls. The collection was started by A.Vyndomsky. Two works have survived from that time, Feedind the Pigs and Feeding the Horses, engravings by John Smith from the original by Morland.

PRASKOVIA OSIPOVAS ROOM. This room illustrates the mistress of Trigorskoyes domestic responsibilities and her literary and artistic interests. From this corner room the mistress of the house could easily observe the work taking place on the estate. The original bureau, needlework table and ink-stand are from Trigorskoye. The portraits of close friends include one of Pushkin. There is also a death mask made just after the poets death by the sculptor A.Galberg. Almost as soon as Pushkins exile at Mikhailovskoye ended, Praskovia began to collect objects connected with him. These include the portrait of the German poet Schiller with a note in Praskovias hand saying: From Pushkin. 1833. Portraits of Pushkin himself were collected in the house, as well as his letters and books.

FORMAL DRAWING ROOM. Concerts and exhibitions are now held in this room. In the middle is a sculpture of Alexander Pushkin (E.Belashova, 1969).

LIBRARY. The Trigorskoye Library with its wide assortment of books is mentioned in Eugene Onegin. The original works (344 books) are now in the Pushkin House in St Petersburg. You can see coloured photographs of the original library in the glass cases. The library was restored in 1978. In 1998 the display was extended by the addition of duplicates and photographs, so the unique collection of books is easier to visualize. On a pedestal stands an old clock that belonged to Alexander Vyndomsky. And on the bookcases are busts of Karamzin, Lomonosov, Zhukovsky, Derzhavin and Emperor Alexander I. The library contains a memorial marble candlestick. There is also a box for letters that belonged to Praskovia Osipova.

MAIDS WORKROOM. This room now contains an exhibition relating to the estate of Golubovo, 19 km from Trigorskoye, where Zizi Vulf lived after her marriage to Baron B.A.Vrevsky. The display reproduces the interiors of the Golubovo house as they are shown on photographs of the early 20th century taken by Academician Yu.M.Shokalsky, Anna Kerns grandson. You can also see a dressing table belonging to Zizi Vulf and Anna Kerns kerosene lamp.

CLASSROOM. According to Maria Osipova it was to the classroom that Pushkin used to come, sometimes on foot, and creep up to the house sometimes quite unnoticed; if it was summer, the windows would be open and he would suddenly climb in We were all busy doing something, reading, working or playing the piano. Then Pushkin arrived and everything went topsy- turvy; the classroom was filled with laughter, jokes and talking.


Dining room

BATH-HOUSE

The central part of the estate originally contained the main house, from which a path led to a bath-house with a straw roof. In the 18th century this building was regarded as a refuge for a recluse. It is a fairly large building and used to serve as a house for guests, a place of rest in summer heat, and a bath-house. Next to it is the green summerhouse surrounded by old lime trees. Steps from it run down to the river. Another path from the bath-house leads to the so-called Green or openair dance hall.


Bath-house


PARK

The park was laid out by Praskovia Osipovas grandfather in Romantic style. The names of its poetic spots, Onegins Bench, Tatianas Avenue, the Solitary Oak, the Tent Fir and the Saddle Birch are all connected with Pushkin and his work. In 1996-1998 the restoration work in the park begun after the war was continued. The damage caused by the hurricanes of 1969 and 1987 was repaired. The memorial trees are now under special supervision. Trigorskoye park is mainly deciduous: lime, oak, maple and birch trees. There are some coniferous varieties (firs and pines) in the north-east section.

The main house originally stood on the middle hill. The main drive up to the house was a straight avenue which crossed the estate from the south-west. Part of a single lane oak avenue survived, which turns northwards and joins Tatianas Avenue. Opposite the Solitary Oak oak saplings alternate with closely planted limes. All these avenue trees are about 230 years old. Trigorskoye estate is divided into three parts by the two large ravines that run down to the River Sorot. The eastern part contains the yard with the linen factory, stables, kennels, barns. .Some typical outbuildings have been constructed on the old foundations. The house is separated from the park by a long pond, the water from which flows into Sorot along an artificial channel. The estate has four 18th century artificial ponds, three of which form a cascade.

GREEN HALL. This rectangular square lined by lime trees served as a place of rest and amusement for the company at Trigorskoye. The guests frequently included their neighbours from Mikhailovskoye, Pushkins parents. The young people used to hold dances in the Green hall. The Vulfs, Osipovs, Pushkin and Yazykov danced the waltz, the galop, the quadrille and various folk dances. Wandering musicians were sometimes invited to the festivities.

ONEGIN'S BENCH One of the parks most picturesque spots in the shade of old limes and an oak tree. The family associated the bench with the scene in which Onegin and Tatiana meet and declare their feelings.

TENT FIR. A giant fir which died from old age and disease in 1965. It was possibly a place for meeting and trysts. For Pushkin it was a reminder of the past.

SADDLE BIRCH. The big hollow in the tree was used as a post box for messages.

TATIANAS AVENUE. An avenue of limes on the north-east edge of the park. The family identified it with Tatianas favorite place for taking a walk.

SUNDIAL. Restored to operation in 1997-1998. Young oak trees were again planted along the edge of the large circle in place of dead trees. They represent the hours from early morning to evening. In the middle is the hour hand (called gnome in the old days) placed at an angle of 5740' (the latitude of the spot). It points straight along the avenue at the solitary oak. This is the midday line, that is, 12.00 noon. If you stand facing the hour hand you can tell the time easily and accurately from its shadow.


Onegin's bench





: 02.02.2018 12:30
: 17.05.2018 12:30